Painful urination may feel like burning, stinging, or itching, and it can occur at the start of urination, during urination, or after urination.
People who feel pain at the beginning of urination often have a urinary tract infection. Discomfort after urination can often indicate bladder or prostate issues.
You should seek medical attention if you experience symptoms in addition to painful urination, such as:
* Discharge from the penis or vagina
* Smelly or cloudy urine
* Frequent urge to urinate
* Passing kidney or bladder stones
* Blood in urine
* Nausea or vomiting
* Itching in the genital area
* Back or side pain
* Wetting accidents in children
What causes painful urination?
Painful urination is a common sign of a urinary tract infection (UTI). A UTI can be the result of a bacterial infection. It can also be due to inflammation of the urinary tract.
Below are 8 possible causes of painful urination.
1. Urinary tract infection
A urinary tract infection (UTI) occurs when excess bacteria build up somewhere in the urinary tract. This part of the body runs from the kidneys to the bladder to the urethra, which carries urine toward the outside of the body.
2. Sexually transmitted infection
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs), such as chlamydia, gonorrhea, and herpes, can all affect the urinary tract and lead to pain when urinating.
3. Prostate infection
A short-term bacterial infection can result in a prostate infection or prostatitis. Chronic inflammation from another condition, such as an STI, can also cause prostatitis.
4. Kidney stones
Kidney stones are collections of materials, such as calcium or uric acid, that build up and form hardened stones in and around the kidneys.
Sometimes, the kidney stones will lodge themselves near the area where urine enters the bladder. This can cause painful urination.
5. Ovarian cysts
Much like kidney stones, ovarian cysts are an example of how something outside the bladder can press on it and cause painful urination.
Ovarian cysts can develop on one or both ovaries, which sit on either side of the bladder.
6. Interstitial cystitis
Also known as bladder pain syndrome, interstitial cystitis is a condition that causes chronic irritation of the bladder lasting 6 weeks or more without an underlying infection.
7. Chemical sensitivity
Sometimes, chemicals that are external to the body, such as fragrances, can irritate bodily tissues. When a person urinates, this irritation may be more noticeable, and pain may occur.
8. Vaginal infection or irritation
Also known as vaginitis or vaginosis, a vaginal infection can occur due to the overgrowth of bacteria or yeast.
An STI called trichomoniasis can also cause a vaginal infection.
Differences in males and females
Males and females can both experience pain when urinating, and the causes may be anatomy-dependent.
For example, females have shorter urethras than males. As a result, bacteria can often enter the bladder more easily, which can lead to UTIs.
A person can talk to their doctor about their risks for painful urination based on their sex as well as their medical history.
How do you prevent painful urination?
There are changes you can make to your lifestyle to help relieve your symptoms. Steer clear of scented laundry detergents and toiletries to reduce your risk of irritation. Use condoms during sexual activity to keep yourself safe from STIs. Modify your diet to eliminate food and drinks that irritate the bladder.
You have to avoide some irritants include alcohol, caffeine, spicy foods, citrus fruits and juices, tomato products, and artificial sweeteners.
You should also avoid highly acidic foods to help your bladder heal. Try to stick with a bland diet for several weeks while you’re receiving medical treatment.
Painful urination is a common symptom with many causes, several of which are related to bacterial infection.
People who feel ill should see their doctor before an infection has time to get worse and cause additional symptoms.